First Chronicles 3 Commentary
This chapter is appropriately titled, ‘The Sons of David”. David probably fathered more than twenty children by his many wives and concubines. It was probably a sign of strength in his times, but it was still sinful even by the Old Testament standards under which he lived. Kings were specifically ordered not to have many wives. Under the New Testament standards, we can look back and understand this Old Testament commandment as being one of those watered down because of a man’s hardness of heart. It wasn’t so from the beginning, where the LORD made one man and one woman.
By simply looking at this list, our minds quickly highlight such names as Amnon, Absalom, and Tamar. It becomes a story of family confusion: incest, rape, hate, and murder – all happening amongst brothers and sisters. Brothers and sisters, this would be David’s view of them all. However, amongst themselves, terms like half-brother and half-sister would be common. A man can only have one mother; the rest would be stepmothers. David’s multiple marriages created a situation where family closeness and family love were impossible to exist. David gives us a very good example of how never to father and parent children.
The LORD loved one of them and he would consequently sit on David’s throne. His name is Solomon. He is the son of Bathsheba. We are again reminded of David’s adulterous relationship with Bathsheba and the murder that resulted. David repented but the Kingdom was never the same again. Incest, rape, hate, and murder right within the family would quickly follow David’s sin. This record of sin would continue with Solomon. Further down the line a son of David called Manasseh would sin so much that the LORD would scatter Israel from the land of promise.
Somewhere and at some point in David’s time, the LORD blessed David with an everlasting dynasty. So even after the exile, we find a list of the royal line. Zerubbabel would be a key figure.
The Book of Chronicles is probably written some two hundred years after the exile, looking at the generations listed after the exile.
Of interest to the New Testament saint is a son of David who isn’t listed here. He is the continuation of the Davidic dynasty, in fulfillment of the blessing found in Second Samuel 7.
This chapter is a list of kings and leaders. We are looking at the Davidic dynasty. It is an expression of the original blessing of dominion that we saw in Genesis 1 verse 28. It was strongly repeated in Second Samuel 7. This blessing of dominion is only completed by the LORD Jesus as projected in the Book of Revelation. “And they shall reign for ever and ever.” Revelation 22 verse 5.
The Davidic dynasty is therefore a shadow operation. The blessing of man to rule is pictured, albeit imperfectly, by the Davidic dynasty. It is only through the all-important Son of David, the LORD Jesus Christ, that the saint can have this glorious hope to rule forever.
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