After chapter 3 man keeps on going back to the same point. Any disobedience is a trip back to chapter 3. But God is also constantly trying to go back to Genesis chapter 1.
Here in verses 1 and 2 of chapter 9, we see God blessing man again, just like in chapter 1. But Noah sins shortly after by getting drunk. He plants a vineyard (garden) and that’s where the trouble comes from. Adam’s trouble came in the garden. The Lord Jesus was in the garden of Gethsemane….there should be something special about gardens.
After the latest scandal, the LORD isn’t at all impressed with the man, and the blessings are swiftly lifted. Ham represents yet another fail. His life is destined for trouble, much like that of Cain or indeed any other that stands opposed to the purposes of God. An important observation here is that the LORD again singles out a select line through whom to bless the nations (mankind). Remember that each sin situation is met with blessing reversals.
Now to think of Ham as the only target of a curse that eventually falls on Africa is a shallow and ignorant understanding of the Holy book. The curse falls on Canaan (instead of Ham though we know it’s actually Ham who sinned). The blessing reversals are symbolic and representative.
There are two things we can see. Life between Adam and Noah looks short but in reality, Noah alone lived longer than the 400 years that Israel spent in Egypt – part of which was spent under slavery conditions. Again when the Bible talks of Noah planting a vineyard many of us would think that the planting was done within a couple of months after the flood. The reality is that we may be talking about 200 years after the flood. Noah lives 300 plus years after the flood. Again the Bible is picking key family heads. Some generations in between are skipped. So we may be talking about several generations between two men that appear next to each other.